Tóm tắt

This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of liquid smoked flavourings and wood smoke on the sensory, color, texture, and lipid stability of smoked mackerel fillets for four weeks chilled storage. Fish fillets were smoked by two methods: (1) immersed in brine (1:1) containing 100 g/L NaCl at 0-5 °C for 3 hours, allowed to drain at room temperature (~20 °C) for 2 hours and smoked directly with wood smoke in a smoking chamber at 25 °C for 3 hours; (2) immersed in brine (1:1) containing 5 mL/L commercial liquid smoke flavourings and 60 g/L NaCl for 16 hours at 0-5 °C then dried at 25 °C for 2 hours in an oven. Smoked samples were then vacuum packed and stored chilled at -1 °C for one week, followed by 4±1°C for three weeks. The quality changes in sensory, color, texture, and lipid stability were observed after 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks of storage. The results showed that, smoked mackerel using commercial liquid smoked flavourings was higher in rancid flavour, lightness, redness, and yellowness but had less bitter odour and was softer than the wood smoked mackerel. The lipid oxidation was higher after the wood smoke process but was however rather stable during the chilled storage. In contrast, lipid oxidation in the liquid smoked products increased significantly during chilled storage.

 Keywords: Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus), color, liquid smoked flavouring, lipid quality, sensory, texture, wood smoke


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Huong Thi Thu Dang

Faculty of Food Technology, Nha Trang University, Viet Nam

Magnea G. Karlsdottir

Matís ohf./Icelandic Food and Biotech R&D, Vinlandsleid 12, 113 Reykjavik, Iceland

Sigurjon Arason

Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Iceland, Eiriksgata 29, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland